Domain Name And Web Hosting | How They Are Different | Best Guide
- Last Updated: Nov 23rd, 2018
- Posted by: Editor
- Category: WordPress Knowledge
The Web design industry is growing fast and most of the people want to showcase their work online. If you are the kind of person who is thinking about launching your own website, you’ll need a domain name and web hosting in order to create a website.
When setting up the first website, it’s common to get confused between a domain name and a web hosting. Most beginners do not know that both domain and hosting are different things. So it’s important that you are apparent on their differences.
That’s why here we will explain everything you need to know about a domain and web hosting. Very first we will explain to you about a domain name and how to work, choose, buy and change it. So, let’s have a look:
What is Domain Name?
Simply, millions and millions of people all over the world browse the web every second. They do it by typing in something called a domain name. They do type that all in the address bar of the web browser which they run on their PC.
Furthermore, a domain name is an address of your site which user type in the browser to visit your website. It’s is a string of characters that gives your website a unique identity. Or you can say that, if your site is a house then the domain name is the house address.
In other words, Domain names are connected to a specific IP (Internet Protocol) address of a server where the web page is being hosted.
However, here is an example:
https://mom.me is a domain name of a website. Now let’s have a look at the structure of the domain through the image illustrated below.
If you have a question in mind that what happens when you enter a domain name in your browser? Let’s see
How does domain name work?
Often, the June 8th is IPv6 day for the worldwide. And is one of the most important building blocks of the web. But do you know what they actually mean? How domains works?
The Internet is a huge network of computers which are connected with each other. These computers use IP (Internet Protocol) address to identify each other on the network. Computers and other network devices use a unique IP address to route your request to the site you’re trying to reach on the internet.
Here, you don’t need an own IP address book, instead of it, your browser sends a request to a global network of servers. That form is the Domain Name System (DNS) for your site. DNS is a set of servers which manages the database that maps domain names to IP address. Have a look below we mentioned some more information about DNS in detail.
Further, these servers then look up for the name servers. Which are associated with a domain? And forward the request to those servers name. Like: if your site is hosted on Bluehost. Then its name server information will be like:
However, these names are managed by your hosting company by computer. After that, your hosting company forwards your request to the computer. Where exactly your WordPress website is stored on your PC. Just have a look at How to choose the best WordPress hosting?
Here, this computer is called a web server and it has a special software installed in it (Apache, Nginx are two popular web server software). Thereafter, the web server fetches the requested website. And sends it to back to the browser of your PC from where you are looking for the same query.
Now let’s get detailed information about DNS:
What is DNS & Where do They Come From?
DNS stands for “Domain Name System”. And what they consist of a domain name, and TLDs such as “.ME or.COM.” Now, the problem is, the servers are not really recognized by domain names. However, they are recognized by IP addresses.
Very often, it is a set of specialized DNS servers. That has only one purpose: they serve as a database. Or they may serve as a phone book for connecting IP addresses. Thus, we came to the conclusion that these servers are called name servers here.
Now, the question is where do they come from and how to register them?
The DNS is overseen by the Internet Corporation. For Assigned Names and Numbers or ICANN. However, this organization was formed in 1998. And has been coordinating the maintenance and management of the DNS ever since.
But ICANN does not do all the work by itself. So, it transfers the control over the various Top Level Domains illustrated above. Like .com, .net, .org. To the various entities known as Registries. However, this infographic from ICANN should help you to better understand the registry process. For more detail: The Complete Guide to DNS for WordPress Website
How to choose a domain name for your website?
Selecting a domain name is not an easy task! Domain names are available in different extensions to you. And the most popular one is .com. We have many other options like: .org, .net, .tv, .info, .io, and much more.
Similarly, domain names are country specific which ends with country code extension. Like: .uk for the United Kingdom, .de for Germany, .in for India and much more.
However, we only suggest using .com mainly. Because it is the easiest to remember. And works best for business websites in the cooperative world.
How to buy a domain name?
You may buy url (domain names) from many companies. And we call them domain name registrars. However, a website domain typically costs $14.99 per year. Here, some popular web domain name companies as:
Consequently, a domain name registration does not automatically give you a hosting service. Thus, for that, you need a website hosting account.
However, many of the WordPress hosting companies offer domain name registration services as well as the host. Thus, this allows you to manage both services under one account. And you also do not need to worry about changing name server settings for your domains from your website.
In case your current WordPress domain name is not as per your choice and you wish to change it. Let’s see:
How to change domain name for WordPress site?
Here we have mentioned some ways through which you will be able to change the domain name of your site. Whenever you make a site using WordPress.com it comes with a free domain name like for xyz.wordpress.com. If you want to get rid of this .wordpress part and want to use your own domain name instead then you can try these following methods:
Change the domain name via WordPress Dashboard
After logging to your WordPress dashboard, tap on Settings from the menu, and click on General. Here you have to modify two fields :
- WordPress Address(URL)
- Website Address(URL)
Now enter the address (URL) you would like to use.
After modifying these two fields scroll down the page and tap on save changes button. This is how you can change the domain name of your site via the WordPress dashboard.
2. Change WordPress domain name via phpMyAdmin
You can access phpMyAdmin through the control panel. After accessing the phpMyAdmin:
- Click on the MySQL database for your WordPress site. This opens phpMyAdmin in another program window or tab. Thereafter, click on wp-options.
- Here, you will find an edit option. Click on edit on the line for site URL.
- After that enter the new blog domain name which you want to use and click on the Go button.
3. change via .htaccess file
- The very first thing, you need to make a backup copy of your .htaccess file. This is a necessary requirement.
- Now open the .htaccess document in a text editor. And duplicate these to another content document for safety’s sake and close the document.
- Now, check to see if your custom rewrites and redirects are still there in your new .htaccess file.
- You can make changes in those custom rewrites and it will redirect to reflect the new site address.
- After doing changes save the .htaccess file.
Now times to know about a web hosting, types of web hosting, and how a domain name is different from web hosting, etc.
What is Web Hosting?
The web hosting is that place where all the files of your site live. Web hosting refers to the services that store your website data in web servers. It also allows you to manage your data. All the sites on the internet require web hosting.
When users type your website name in a browser, the domain name is translated into the IP address of your web hosting company computer. This computer contains your site’s files and is send these file back to the user’s browsers.
Fast forward – Web hosting companies specialize in serving and storing sites. These companies offer several types of hosting plans to their customers. Which are as follows:
Types of Web Hosting
- Shared web hosting
- Cloud hosting
- Website builder
- Dedicated server
How is domain name different from web hosting?
Consequently, if a domain name is the address of your website. Then web hosting is the home where your site lives.
Thus, to create your website. You need both domain name as well as web hosting. It is important to remember that they are two separate services. And you can buy them from two different companies for your WordPress Website.
How Domain Name and Web Hosting are Related?
Domain name and Web hosting both are different services. Whereas, both work together to make sites possible on the internet.
A domain name is like a big address book which is constantly updated. Behind every domain name, there is an address of web hosting service storing the site’s files.
It is not possible to find any website without any domain name and you can not create a website without web hosting.
Should you purchase both together or separately?
You can purchase both the domain name and web hosting from the different companies. But, in this, you will have to point your domain name to your web hosting company by editing its DNS settings.
If you purchase your domain name and web hosting from the same company then you will have not to change the domain name settings. Also, it is very easy to manage and renew both under the same dashboard.
Specifically, if you want to build a website on the WordPress platform, then we’re recommending you to choose a WordPress web hosting. WordPress offers you both domain name and web hosting. And you can also purchase your domain name separately from top service providers.
When setting up the WordPress site, you should buy following hosting providers:-
For the domain name, you can choose a domain name provider from following:-
How to move a domain name to a different company?
When you purchase a domain name then you have right to use it and transfer it anywhere.
For example, if you purchased your domain name from Godaddy and your web hosting from Bluehost. You can move your domain name in your web hosting company. It is very easy to manage and renew.
You can do that very easily. To do this, both companies have step by step instructions, you can follow these steps to transfer your domain name to a different company.
How to move a website to another web hosting company without changing the domain name?
As we said before, you have the right to use your domain name. You can change its settings to point it any web hosting company.
For example, you purchased both the domain name and web hosting from the same company like Bluehost and you want to change your web hosting to Godaddy. You can move your website by transferring your files and data. After that, you have to edit your domain name settings and point them to your service provider.
Another example, you purchased your domain name from WordPress.com and you want to move to self-hosted website WordPress.org.
To do this, you have to sign up for a WordPress hosting account. Now, you can move your website from WordPress.com to WordPress.org. At last, you have to edit your domain name settings on WordPress.com and point them to a new WordPress hosting service provider.
Hope this beginner post will help you to understand the domain name and web hosting. We have covered the important queries related to the domain name and web hosting. Often we concluded what is the difference between domain name and web hosting!
If you have any problem, feel free to tell us in the comment section. We are happy to help you. Still, if you have any WordPress related questions feel free to ask us as you can get our expert advice. For the same, our support team is always ready to deliver WordPress Customer service. Just dial our WordPress support phone number +1 888 614 0555 (Toll-Free) to know how our professionals can help you.